These 14 essays by artists, critics, and scholars from the 1984 Symposium at the Society of Fellows in the Humanities at Columbia University examine the uses of art, stressing visual media, to disseminate political messages in the Western world from the third millennium B.C. to the 20th century. We learn the practical needs and purposes of the artists who created political art and the patrons for whom these works were created. The essays also examine the rhetoric, the artistic vocabulary or iconography the artists employed to carry out their strategies. Contributors are Bernard Aptekar, Jaqueline Austin, Kenneth Bendiner, George Bournoutian, Richard Brilliant, David Castriota, Joseph Forte, George L. Hersey, Carol Herselle Krinsky, Jill Meredith, Edith Porada, Gail Harrison Roman, David Rosand, and Barbara Tischler. The contributors have illustrated their essays with 85 black-and-white photographs.Castriota, David is the author of 'Artistic Strategy and the Rhetoric of Power Political Uses of Art from Antiquity to the Present' with ISBN 9780809312894 and ISBN 0809312891.